Different stages of a bed sore

Different stages of a bed sore

Bed sores occur when the patient lies on one particular position for prolonged hours. It injures the skin, sometimes penetrating it too far to damage the muscles or even the bones. Our body is made up of skin, which is the upper layer, coming down to soft tissues  and  muscles. Underneath all this, are the bones. The damage which happens to the skin or the soft tissues or bones is called as bed sores. The usual reason for a pressure wound is the old age. Does it mean that young people don’t get this disease? Of course, Yes. They also get these wounds out of some unavoidable reasons like the body becomes immobile or the patients can’t move without the help of others.

Generally speaking, the stages of a bed sore are four.

1. First stage: The first stage is a primitive stage where the affected area is infected but not broken or cracked. Instead, the skin has become reddish, which might be an early warning that if not treated, will progress to the third or fourth stage of the disease. This stage can be better explained like when you put your finger on the skin, it should not get discoloured or become white. This is the first stage of a bed sore. Recovery in this stage is easy by simply changing positions or using a special kind of mattresses which help you to have a constant touch with the air.

2. Second Stage:  In this stage, the wound becomes a little deeper to damage the deeper layers of the skin. If the patient is not treated at this stage, the wound will spread to soft tissues, damaging some of them  permanently. Not to explain further because even at the second stage some tissues may be damaged  irreparably. Sometimes, it may lead to swelling from which pus or the liquid discharge  may come out. This is the stage when the patient first starts to experience the pain.

3. Third stage: At this stage, the wound spreads further or  deeper damaging the soft tissues under the skin. But it has not yet  damaged the muscles or the bones. At this stage, we can see a lot of craters with more pus formation. This stage can be treated effectively only with surgery. But doctors are not yet sure of whether there will be any after effects which the patient might get after a surgery or not. This is a condition when the fat tissues of the patient can be clearly seen along with the rotten or damaged skin. Even though the condition is a little bad, the patient will not feel the pain as the tissues are completely damaged to have any sensation.

4. Fourth stage: This is a stage when the bed sore is extremely bad because the muscle or the bones deep inside the skin are also damaged.

There are cases when you can’t see the damaged area, but bed sore is present. This is a medical condition called deep tissue injury.

In short, bed sores are one kind of an injury resulting in damage to the skin and the areas beneath it. An early detection of the disease will help to prevent further damage to the deeper areas.

For information on compensation for bed sores, visit Win Wales.

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