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Different stages of a bed sore

Different stages of a bed sore

Bed sores occur when the patient lies on one particular position for prolonged hours. It injures the skin, sometimes penetrating it too far to damage the muscles or even the bones. Our body is made up of skin, which is the upper layer, coming down to soft tissues  and  muscles. Underneath all this, are the bones. The damage which happens to the skin or the soft tissues or bones is called as bed sores. The usual reason for a pressure wound is the old age. Does it mean that young people don’t get this disease? Of course, Yes. They also get these wounds out of some unavoidable reasons like the body becomes immobile or the patients can’t move without the help of others.

Generally speaking, the stages of a bed sore are four.

1. First stage: The first stage is a primitive stage where the affected area is infected but not broken or cracked. Instead, the skin has become reddish, which might be an early warning that if not treated, will progress to the third or fourth stage of the disease. This stage can be better explained like when you put your finger on the skin, it should not get discoloured or become white. This is the first stage of a bed sore. Recovery in this stage is easy by simply changing positions or using a special kind of mattresses which help you to have a constant touch with the air.

2. Second Stage:  In this stage, the wound becomes a little deeper to damage the deeper layers of the skin. If the patient is not treated at this stage, the wound will spread to soft tissues, damaging some of them  permanently. Not to explain further because even at the second stage some tissues may be damaged  irreparably. Sometimes, it may lead to swelling from which pus or the liquid discharge  may come out. This is the stage when the patient first starts to experience the pain.

3. Third stage: At this stage, the wound spreads further or  deeper damaging the soft tissues under the skin. But it has not yet  damaged the muscles or the bones. At this stage, we can see a lot of craters with more pus formation. This stage can be treated effectively only with surgery. But doctors are not yet sure of whether there will be any after effects which the patient might get after a surgery or not. This is a condition when the fat tissues of the patient can be clearly seen along with the rotten or damaged skin. Even though the condition is a little bad, the patient will not feel the pain as the tissues are completely damaged to have any sensation.

4. Fourth stage: This is a stage when the bed sore is extremely bad because the muscle or the bones deep inside the skin are also damaged.

There are cases when you can’t see the damaged area, but bed sore is present. This is a medical condition called deep tissue injury.

In short, bed sores are one kind of an injury resulting in damage to the skin and the areas beneath it. An early detection of the disease will help to prevent further damage to the deeper areas.

For information on compensation for bed sores, visit Win Wales.

How to get registered as a close protection officer

How to get registered as a close protection officer

A close protection officer is a bodyguard who protects people of high rank or affluent people from the risk of assassination, abduction, physical attack. They are also called as personal protection specialists.  The life of the Head of the state, politicians, Members of the royal family is under constant threat. So is the need for executive protection agents to save them.  To work as a close protection officer, you may need a license from a Security industry authority.

What are the two types of licenses?

1. Frontline license

2. Non-front line license

Who all need a license from SIA?

A front line license is required for those  who are sole traders, partners of a company or directors of companies and they perform certain activities that require licensing. They do these activities to execute a contract. A non-front license is required for those who are in charge of those who carry out activities that require a license. You should be above 18 years and should pass verification of your identity.

What are the documents required for registration?

Do you have your UK passport? Then consider that your registration is almost completed. First, you have to apply online and send SIA the required information. They will check and if every information is correct and genuine, SIA will provide you with a license. But, if there is a mismatch in the address given in the passport and your actual address, you have to go to the nearest post office along with required documents. In case SIA asks you to submit them some documents, you have to give them original documents only. If your documents are in some other language than in English, you should submit them an originally  translated copy of the document they ask you to provide them with, online.

What about the cost of application for license?

You may have to pay an amount of 220 pounds, which is a non- refundable. The license you get from SIA is valid only for 3 years and  you may have to reapply for it four months before the month of expiry of the license. The authority will come to your office for a verification and if needed, they will ask you to submit certain documents as well. You will get a tax rebate if you have paid the fees for yourself. If your employer has paid, no such privileges will be given.

Through whom should I apply?

I can apply for a license myself or through my employer. If you are going to apply yourself login to the SIA website just like your Gmail or Yahoo account. You have to sign up by choosing an ID and a password. The next step is to sign in to your account. Fill in the required details. Verify the details once. Click submit. The SIA will check all your information and if further information needed, they will ask you to provide. They will provide you with a plastic ID card which they expect you to carry while carrying out your responsibility. Are you applying through your employer? Then also the  procedure is same. But, instead of trying to match with individual information, the SIA will match it with business information. This is the procedure followed for getting registered as a close verification officer.

For more information, visit SI4.

5 Benefits of Installing Porcelain Tiles

5 Benefits of Installing Porcelain Tiles

Porcelain is often considered a delicate material, suitable only for delicate crockery. But this couldn’t be further from the truth. Innovations in porcelain technology mean that it can now be produced in thick slabs, making it an attractive, simple to install, easy-care and tough flooring option for both indoor and outdoor use. While there are many reasons to choose porcelain tiles for your home or business, here are a few of the key benefits.

Low maintenance

Unlike most other paving materials, porcelain has an extremely low level of porosity. This means that porcelain tiles are naturally resistant to staining. Any spillages just sit on the surface until mopped up. They also don’t need to be sealed, which means that there is no need to re-seal them to keep them looking good. All that is needed to care for porcelain is to sweep and mop it from time to time to keep it in top condition.

Hard wearing

Porcelain is incredibly tough. It is ideal for outdoor use as once the tiles are made, the pigment is permanently locked in, meaning that it is UV resistant and does not fade due to weathering. It is also able to cope with sub-zero temperatures. A further benefit of porcelain is that it does not scratch easily and can cope with the rough and tumble of daily life.


Because porcelain is impervious to moisture, it is highly slip-resistant. Porcelain tiles are available in a variety of textures, and can be produced with varying levels of grip. For outdoor paving which will be used in wet conditions, choose a more textured tile, and if grip is a key concern, check the DIN 51130 slip resistance factor.


Porcelain has long been associated with beautiful and desirable objects, and its use as a floor tiling material is no exception. New production methods mean that it is now possible to choose tiles which are indistinguishable from traditional stone apart from the ease of upkeep. Alternatively, the smooth elegance of a plain textured tile, or the natural beauty of wood effect might appeal.

Suitable for indoor our outdoor use

A popular feature of contemporary design is the concept of blurring the boundaries between indoor and outdoor zones. This is where porcelain paving comes into its own. While porcelain is very popular in bathrooms and kitchens due to its water-resistant nature, this feature also makes it perfect for living or commercial interiors leading into outside spaces. With tiles of various thickness, it is possible to have a seamless transition from an indoor room to a balcony, patio or courtyard. Different textures of tile can also be used to create subtle changes of area.

When considering flooring and paving options, porcelain is the ideal solution for anyone seeking to combine practicality with style.

Do you need a licence or permission to hire a skip?

Do you need a licence or permission to hire a skip?

It’s time for a clear out, or possibly a renovation, and the easiest way to get rubbish taken away without a dozen trips to the tip, is to hire a skip. However, many people are confused about whether you need to get a licence or ask for special permission in order to hire a skip.

Will it be left on public property?
If your home is facing a public road, and you want the skip to be placed on the road, then you will need to get a licence from your local council. In most areas you will find that the council will grant skip licences only to the person you are hiring from. Essex County Council for example has a list of requirements for a skip licence, including public liability insurance for £10 million, which will only be suitable for the company that will lend you the skip. Northumberland County Council specifically states that will not issue licences for members of the public, and all applications must be done by the owner of the skip.

If you aren’t sure of your council’s requirements, check their website, or phone their office and ask to speak to someone. You may find they have further advice, such as time restrictions (for example if the skip can only be in place for a certain number of days).

Additional Safety
If you are having the skip on public property then it can be a hazard to members of the public, especially at night. Your council may require you to ensure that it is properly marked, to help prevent accidents. This may include traffic cones around the outside edge, reflective strips on the body of the skip, and night-time safety lamps on the corners. They may also require that the skip company’s name and phone number is prominently displayed on the skip itself, so that if there is an accident the company can be contacted quickly.

If your skip is delivered without night-lamps or reflective strips, you should ask the company to provide them. Although the hire company has the licence, the person who is using the skip is responsible for ensuring that it is clearly marked, and you could be fined up to £1,000 if you fail to do this.

What if the skip is on private land?
If you are having the skip placed on your driveway or garden then you do not need a licence or permission. You may wish to let your neighbours know, as the truck that delivers and collects the skip could be in place for some time, and might block access to their property, but this is just a courtesy.

Skip placement restrictions
You cannot leave a skip on the pavement, as it is obstructing a right of way. You also should not block access to other people’s homes (such as having it left in the road but in front of their driveway) or on another person’s property, without their written permission.

Cactus decorations | How to create a desert garden

Cactus decorations | How to create a desert garden

Cactus are slow growing and survive with little water. These are perfect for decorating indoor spaces and also would make a great gift. There are a lot of versions, you can even put them on the wall!

If you don’t want to have real plants, you can give a try to this DIY project: